Education or formation of the Christian moral conscience is an indispensable subject in contemporary ecclesial formation. The insidious power of relativism – a dangerous ethic and morality, secularist in their radical aspects, – has spread like wildfire over the world and taken a postmodernity platform. The battle line has moved to developing countries and is ravaging indigenous and original moral traditions. The challenges are complex. What is the voice and position of the Church in the face of this condition? How should a Christian conscience formed and educated to face these circumstances? How does the Second Vatican Council and the pontificates during and after the Council help in facing such situations?