This course is an introduction to philosophical logic founded on Aristotelian and Thomistic principles. Starting with a reflection on the aim and nature of logic, the course is divided according to the three acts of the intellect: (I) simple apprehension (concepts, terms, and definitions based on the 10 predicaments and 5 predicables); (II) judgment and different kinds of propositions; and, (III) reasoning which leads into syllogism, including an explanation of different figures, moods and rules of syllogism. The course concludes with an explanation of categorical syllogisms.
ARISTOTLE, The Complete Works, ed. J. Barnes [Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics] Princeton University Press 1991; BARNES, Jonathan: Porphyry’s Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006; McCALL, Raymond J.: Basic Logic, The Fundamental Principles of Formal Deductive Reasoning, Barnes and Noble Books, New York -Hagerstown, San Francisco, London 1952; KNEALE, William -Martha KNEALE: The Development of Logic, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1962; OESTERLE, John A., Logic: the Art of Defining and Reasoning, 2nd ed., Upper Saddle River NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1963; McINERNY, Dennis Q., An Introduction to Foundational Logic. Elmhurst Township, PA: The Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter, 2012; KREEFT, Peter: Socratic Logic. A Logic Text Using Socratic Method, Platonic Questions, & Aristotelian Principles, 3rd ed., St. Augustine's Press 2010; SCHIMDT, Robert W.: The Domain of the Logic According to Saint Thomas Aquinas. The Hague, M. Nijhoff 1966.