Courses

COURSES (2021/2022)

Mariusz Tabaczek, O.P.

STL level

dP 3469 – Philosophy, Theology and Natural Sciences (course offered both in the faculty of theology and philosophy) – STL – 3 ECTS

The course will address and discuss the most important aspects of the Christian philosophy and theology in its encounter with natural sciences, including: models of relating theology and science, selected issues concerning the historical development of the science/theology dialogue, scientific atheism, creationism versus evolutionary biology, scientific challenges for Christian interpretation of the Bible, methodical versus ontological naturalism, creation and scientific cosmology, divine action and natural science, theological anthropology and neurosciences, and the problem of evil. These and other topics will be discussed in reference to the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition of philosophy and theology. The objective goal of the course is to help students develop a critical reflection and understanding of the current state of the debate and dialogue engaging natural science, philosophy, and theology.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Stump, James B. Science and Christianity: An Introduction to the Issues. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.

Southgate, Christopher, ed. God, Humanity and the Cosmos – 3rd Edition: A Textbook in Science and Religion. London and New York: T & T Clark, 2011.

Ferngren, Gary B., ed. Science and Religion: A Historical Introduction. Second edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.

McGrath, Alister E. Science & Religion: A New Introduction. 3rd edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2020 (or 2nd edition, 2009) Clayton, Philip, and Zachary Simpson, eds.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

dS 3470 – The Origin and Propagation of Sin – STL – 4 ECTS

The question concerning the origin and propagation of sin is one of the most important and challenging topics in both dogmatic theology and theological anthropology. Apart from its speculative aspects, it affects the practice of the Christian life and preaching. This seminar course will explore the notion of original sin and its transmission in the Bible, in the pre-Augustinian and Augustinian tradition, in the works of Aquinas, in the Council of Trent, in modern philosophical and theological speculation, and in reference to empirical science and evolutionary theory (the question of mono- versus polygenism in particular). It will compare and contrast the classical doctrine with some more recent developments offered by Camille Muller, Karl Rahner, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Piet Schoonenberg, Giovanni Blandino, Pierre Grelot, Raymund Schwager, and others.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Thomas Aquinas – selected works/fragments.

Denzinger. Enchiridion Symbolorum, 43rd Ed. Edited by Peter Hünermann. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2012.

Rondet, Henri. Original Sin: The Patristic and Theological Background. Staten Island, N.Y: Alba House, 1972.

Cavanaugh, William T., and James K. A. Smith, eds. Evolution and the Fall. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2017.

STB level

TE 3472 – Theology of Creation – STB – 3 ECTS

The course will address and discuss the most important aspects of scriptural exegesis and the dogmatic definition of creation and its crucial aspects such as: creatio ex nihilo, beginning of time and space, Trinity in creation, God-world relationship, divine action, creation and evolution, angels, anthropogenesis, theological anthropology (human condition before and after the original sin), theology of work, and ecology. Based on classical Aristotelian-Thomistic philosophy and theology and the teaching of the Magisterium of the Church, enriched with necessary references to contemporary science, the course is thought to help students develop a critical theological reflection and understanding of creation.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Morales, J. Creation Theology. Four Courts Press, Dublin, 2001. [El Misterio de la Creación. Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, 1994.]

Paul Haffner, Mystery of Creation. Leominster: Gracewing, 2010.

Zachary Hayes, The Gift of Being: A Theology of Creation. Collegeville, Minn: Michael Glazier, 2001.

Schmaus, M. Dogma. Vol 2: God and Creation. Sheed and Ward, London, 1969.

Ratzinger, J. Im Anfang schuf Gott. Erich Wewel Verlag, 1986. [‘In the Beginning…’ A Catholic Understanding of the story of Creation and the Fall. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 1995.]

SE 3471 – Science and Religion – A Historical Approach – STB – 4 ECTS

The seminar will analyze the relation of Christianity to natural sciences throughout the history of the Western culture. The topics discussed will include the following: Antiquity – the origin of science and Christian attitude to Greek and Roman science / Science and religion in Byzantine Empire, Islam, and Latin West / Medieval universities, science, and philosophy of nature / Copernicus, the Galileo affair and its repercussions / Transition to modern science, Christianity and the scientific revolution / Christianity and the Newtonian worldview / Laplace, mechanistic universe, mechanistic conception of life / Earth history and life sciences, Darwin / Modern physics and cosmology and Christian faith. Based on historical analysis the seminar will conclude in discussing models of relating science and religion in contemporary setting.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Edward Grant, Science and Religion I: From Aristotle to Copernicus (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), and Richard G. Olson, Science and Religion II: From Copernicus to Darwin (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004).

Gary B. Ferngren, ed., Science and Religion: A Historical Introduction, second edition (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017).

David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, eds., When Science and Christianity Meet (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2008).

W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman, Religion & Science: History, Method, Dialogue (New York and London: Routledge, 1996).

Olaf Pedersen, Two Books: Historical Notes on Some Interactions Between Natural Science and Theology (Vatican City: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007).

Thomas Davenport, O.P.

STB level

FE 1006 – Philosophy of Nature I – STB – 3 ECTS

This course aims to answer fundamental questions about nature. What are the common principles and causes under- lying all natural things? It emphasizes the perennial notions of natural philosophy in the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition. We explain the process of change in mobile beings using concepts of act and potency. Next it studies the notions of substance and accidents. Lastly, we examine the notions of form and matter and the substantial synthesis

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

ARISTOTLE, Categories, Physics;

THOMAS AQUINAS, Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics, (In VIII libros Physicorum Expositio), translated by R. J. Blackwell, Notre Dame Indiana: Dumb Ox Books, 1999; Idem, The Principles of Nature to Brother Sylvester, (De principiis naturae ad fratem Sylvestrum), translated by R. A. Kocourek in An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nature, St. Paul: North Central Publishing, 1948.

W. A. WALLACE, The Modelling of Nature, Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of Amrica, 1996.

D. MCINERNY, The Philosophy of Nature, Lincoln: The Alquin Press, 2001.

FE 2012 – Philosophy of Nature II – STB – 3 ECTS

This course aims to investigate the Aristotelian-Thomistic notions of natural philosophy and its relationship with experimental sciences. We will focus on a study of the accidents of which we study chiefly quantity and quality but also space, time, action and passion. Lastly, it will examine various alternative philosophies of nature and the relation- ship of all of these views of nature to contemporary science.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

ARISTOTLE, Categories, Physics;

THOMAS AQUINAS, Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics, (In VIII libros Physicorum Expositio), translated by R. J. Blackwell, Notre Dame Indiana: Dumb Ox Books, 1999; Idem, The Principles of Nature to Brother Sylvester, (De principiis naturae ad fratem Sylvestrum), translated by R. A. Kocourek in An Introduction to the Philosophy of Nature, St. Paul: North Central Publishing, 1948.

W. A. WALLACE, The Modelling of Nature, Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of Amrica, 1996.

D. MCINERNY, The Philosophy of Nature, Lincoln: The Alquin Press, 2001.

FE 2158 – Sciences and Philosophy – STB – 5 ECTS

This course aims to answer various fundamental questions about contemporary science and philosophy. What is science? How is it related to philosophy and, specifically, the philosophy of nature? We will explain the compatibility and mutual enrichment that should exist between the practice and claims of science and philosophy. Beginning with a historical overview of the development of modern science in the scientific revolution and the parallel developments in philosophy that reacted to it. We will investigate the development of the scientific method, both as expressed and as practiced historically and by contemporary scientists. Finally, we will investigate the ways that the fin- dings of contemporary science challenge certain aspects of the Aristotelian -Thomistic philosophy of nature while reinforcing some of its fundamental principles.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

D. DAHLSTROM, Nature and Scientific Method, Washington D.C. Catholic University of America, 1991.

J. DOUGHERTY, The Nature of Scientific Explanation, Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America, 2013.

D. GILLIES, Philosophy of Science, in the 20th Century: Four Central Themes, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1993.

E. GRANT, The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

J. LADYMAN, Understanding the Philosophy of Science, Routledge: 2002.

L.PRINCIPE, The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 2011.

FE1019 – Epistemology I – STB – 3 ECTS

This course will cover basics of the Thomistic and Aristotelian theory of knowledge, along with a historical and topical introduction to contemporary problems in epistemology.

These issues will range from post-Gettier accounts of knowledge, the plausibility of foundationalism, externalism/internalism in justification, and the contemporary revival of virtue epistemology.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, translated by the English Dominican Fathers (Benzinger Bros., 1920).

Aristotle, The Basic Works of Aristotle, edited by Richard McKeon (Random House, 2002).

Eleonore Stump, Aquinas (Routledge Press, 2003).

Noah Lemos, An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Ernest Sosa, Epistemology (Princeton University Press, 2019).

Sosa et al., Epistemology: An Anthology, 2nd edition (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008).

FE 2028 – Epistemology II – STB – 3 ECTS

This course complements the Epistemology I course by continuing the discussion of thematic topics in contemporary epistemology, covering: responses to skepticism, and problems particular to testimony, memory, and perception that bear on religious faith. The Aristotelian account of knowledge will be revisited in the light of contemporary virtue epistemology.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

John Greco and John Turri, editors, Virtue Epistemology: Contemporary Readings (MIT Press, 2012).

John Greco, Putting Skeptics in Their Place: The Nature of Skeptical Arguments and Their Role in Philosophical Inquiry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

John Greco, Achieving Knowledge (Cambridge University Press, 2010). Eleonore Stump, Aquinas (Routledge Press, 2003).

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